What Is Full-Spectrum CBD?

CBD is a chemical extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant. Also known as Cannabidiol, its benefits are several and many. Its benefits include pain relief and are a treatment for anxiety, depression, epilepsy, opioid addiction and managing PTSD symptoms. Its side effects and downsides are diarrhoea, dizziness, fatigue and that it can interact with other medications. CBD is used and ingested through inhalation, oral administration and topical application on a patch of skin.

Full-Spectrum CBD Definition

CBD has three types and its types are divided according to the amount of THC it contains. THC is a psychoactive compound that is found in the cannabis plant. It also gives the feeling of a “high.” The 3 CBD types are full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and CBD isolate. Full-Spectrum CBD has less than 0.3 % THC content in it. Federally legal full-spectrum CBD products always have 0.3 % THC. Broad-spectrum is another variant of CBD that has almost all the compounds that are found in the cannabis plant but less than Full-spectrum. Like full-spectrum, broad-spectrum CBD has trace amounts of THC and can produce the entourage effect. However, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD and it is very different from full-spectrum CBD. It does not have any other compound from the cannabis plant. People who wish to avoid full-spectrum usually do because of the THC content and will choose CBD to isolate instead. 

What are the Components of Full-Spectrum CBD?

The components of Full-spectrum CBD are Cannabinoids, Terpenes and Flavonoids. For quick, convenient and relaxing relief, you can take Full-spectrum CBD gummies with THC. 

1. Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are a group of substances from the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids function by binding to specific receptors in the brain and the nerves; in the case of THC, this causes the feeling of a “high.” They are taken from the leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant. The primary cannabinoids are THC and cannabidiol (CBD). Its benefits are that it is helpful in the treatment of rare epilepsy, nausea and vomiting. A perk of cannabinoids is that it helps with chronic pain and multiple sclerosis symptoms.

The harms of Cannabinoids lie with their links to motorcycle crashes and lower birth rate. Its harms also include that vaping products with THC can lead to lung injuries. In the long-term, it can also cause recurrent severe vomiting. 

Full-spectrum CBD oil is a good way to take CBD orally; you can use a dropper, although you should be wary of leaking. 

2. Terpenes

Terpenes are compounds found in plants and are responsible for their aroma and smell. The aromas Terpenes produce can affect your mood and theoretically, may affect how cannabis can influence the brain. Examples of Terpenes are Pinene and Linalool. Pinene helps calm anxiety and Linalool helps manage pain and moods. Terpenes alone cannot give you the feeling of a “high” but they can affect and alter how sensations and therapeutic effects you get from inhaling CBD, according to research. 

Their benefits are that they have several medicinal properties and can improve the medicinal effects of treatments. Studies indicate that Terpenes are anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticonvulsive, antidepressant, anxiolytic, anticancer, anti-tumour, neuroprotective, anti-mutagenic and anti-allergic. The harms of Terpenes are that they (monoterpenes, specifically) can be toxic to cellular and multicellular organisms and may cause subsequent apoptosis or necrosis. Further research also states that Terpenes are responsible for carcinogens when smoked or vaporized. Terpenes are also found in Full-spectrum CBD distillate. 

3. Flavonoids

Flavonoids are basically various compounds that are naturally present in food, specifically vegetables and fruits like onion and kale. Flavonoids benefit you through their rich antioxidants, helping your body fight everyday toxins, regulating cellular activity and decreasing the risk of chronic health conditions. Flavonoids, especially in supplement form, do have side effects and harms. The side effects and harms of flavonoids are headaches, nausea and tingling. Too many Flavonoids can also give you the blurred vision and altered heart rate.

What is Full-spectrum CBD? It is a type of CBD that has all beneficial compounds found in the cannabis plant, including Flavonoids. 

Does Full-Spectrum CBD Contain THC?

Yes. Full-spectrum CBD contains less than 0.3% THC. THC is a compound taken from cannabis and has notable psychoactive effects. It is the ingredient that is best known for causing a “high.” Its positive effects are that it helps treat the following conditions: pain, insomnia, anxiety and nausea. THC’s negative effects also include dry mouth, anxiety and red eyes. 

What Products Have Full-Spectrum CBD?

The products that have Full-spectrum CBD are listed below.

  • CBD Gummy Bears: They are chewy, fruity-flavoured candies shaped like small bears. CBD Gummy Bears usually contain 10 mg to 30 mg doses of CBD and are taken through oral administration. According to CBD Gummy producers, they can help with relief for pain, anxiety, sleep and depression. CBD is known to have a bitter taste, so CBD Gummy Bear manufacturers add in plenty of sugar to alter its taste. Aside from THC and CBD, its components can vary, depending on the brand, as some brands can be vegan or use some ingredients that are allergens. As CBD Gummy Bears are taken orally, it can take longer before its effects can manifest. 
  • CBD Oil: CBD Oil is ingested through oral administration with the use of a dropper. CBD oil is one of the more popular forms of CBD. The advantages of CBD oil are pain relief, that it is a viable mental health treatment and it can help alleviate cancer. Its downsides are that it is prone to leaking and it can cause weight changes, fatigue and diarrhoea. The dosage for CBD oil is 4 drops for 20 mg of CBD. A single drop of CBD oil amounts to 0.05 millilitres (mL) in dosage. Its components usually are THC and CBD.  
  • CBD Creams and lotions: CBD creams and lotions are applied topically on the desired spot for targeted healing and pain relief. As it is a topical product, CBD creams and lotions are not absorbed by the body beyond the epidermis layer of the skin. The components usually have CBD (to oils) and THC for pain relief, and can vary from brand to brand; some brands add Centella Asiatica, as it has healing and moisturizing properties for the skin. A CBD cream/lotion jar of 50g usually has 200 mg of CBD. 

What are the Advantages of Full-Spectrum CBD?

The advantages of Full-Spectrum CBD are listed below.

  • Full-Spectrum CBD can produce an entourage effect: The entourage effect is a theory that other cannabis compounds interact with THC and help strengthen its effects. These effects are usually psychoactive. Due to the entourage effect, the pain relief properties of Full-spectrum CBD will be more effective.
  • Anxiety management: Due to its higher THC content, it is better for managing anxiety and other mental health problems. 
  • Pain relief: Due to Full-spectrum CBD’s THC content and entourage effect, Full-spectrum CBD is more effective at targeting pain. For the best pain relief, you can use THC and a full-spectrum CBD patch together. 

What are the Side Effects of Full-Spectrum CBD?

The side effects of full-spectrum CBD are listed below.

  • Full-spectrum CBD can give you the feeling of a “high”: If you take Full-spectrum CBD at high doses, it means you are also ingesting more THC. Due to THC interacting with brain receptors and because of its high content from the CBD you ingested, this will cause you to feel “high.” 
  • Higher risk of testing positive in a drug test: Even if Full-spectrum CBD has 0.3 % THC, it is still high enough to warrant the risk of testing positive for cannabis on a drug test. Testing positive in a drug test can negatively impact your career. 

Regarding Full-spectrum CBD vs. Broad-spectrum CBD, Full-spectrum can cause the feeling of a “high” and is riskier due to its THC content while the Broad-spectrum CBD type can be less effective with pain management as it has no THC content. 

Will Full Spectrum CBD Oil Make Me High?

Yes, Full-spectrum CBD oil can make you high. This is because Full-spectrum CBD oil and Full-spectrum CBD wax have THC content, which is a psychoactive substance. When THC interacts and binds with neural receptors in the brain, it causes the feeling of a “high.” 

What is the Legality Situation of the Full-Spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD is also legal in the United Kingdom. CBD products usually sold in the United Kingdom are under cosmetic and food supplement usage and do not fall under medicinal usage. Selling CBD produced outside the UK is considered legal in the UK, but THC is considered not legal. 

Full-spectrum CBD is legal in all 50 states of the United States of America because it contains 0.3% of THC. The only FDA-approved CBD drug is Epidiolex, which is used for treating epilepsy.

What are the Other Types of CBD similar to the Full-Spectrum CBD?

Another type of CBD similar to Full-Spectrum CBD is:

  • Broad-spectrum CBD – This variant of CBD does not have any THC. It does have other components of the cannabis plant, and that is what it has in common with Full-spectrum CBD. Both CBD variants have a hemp-like flavour; this is attributed to their terpene content. There are also broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD vapes.  Our ZenBears CBD gummies are made from a broad-spectrum CBD extract and are 100% THC-free.
  • CBD Isolate: This variant of CBD is a pure form of CBD and is extracted so that it is completely THC free. This is variant of CBD has isolated only CBD and does not include terpenes and other cannabinoids that you would find in full or bros-spectrum CBD. 

What is the difference between Full-Spectrum CBD from other types of CBD? 

The difference between full-spectrum CBD and other types of CBD are:

  • THC Content: Full-spectrum CBD has the most amount of THC amongst the other CBD types. Full-spectrum CBD contains 0.03% of THC. CBD Isolate and Broad-spectrum CBD both do not have any THC. 
  • Usage: Full-spectrum CBD is more often used for pain relief and mental health aid because of its entourage effect. The entourage effect helps strengthen full-spectrum CBD’s good effects for pain relief and anxiety relief. 
  • Dosage: Unlike full-spectrum CBD, both CBD Isolates and Broad-spectrum CBD can be taken in higher doses. Full-spectrum CBD can only be taken in limited and smaller amounts due to its THC content. 
  • Benefits: Full-spectrum CBD’s biggest advantage is that it can be more effective when taken with THC because of the entourage effect. This amps up the anti-inflammatory and pain relief properties of Full-spectrum CBD. In the subject of full-spectrum CBD vs. Isolate, CBD Isolate and Broad-spectrum CBD are better for those who wish to consume large amounts of THC and are worried about THC content. 
  • Price: Due to production costs and ingredients, Full-Spectrum CBD products are on the costlier side of the price range. CBD Isolates and Broad-spectrum CBD products are less expensive. Factors for CBD product prices usually depend on the brand and its market as well. The best full-spectrum CBD oils include Charlotte’s Web CBD oil which retails for $119.99 for 30 ml. For a price comparison, CBD Isolate oil, Kanibi retails for $59.00 for 30ml and broad-spectrum CBD oil, Holmes Organics at 30ml, is sold for $49.95. 

In the discussion of “CBD isolate vs. Full-spectrum”, CBD isolate may be safer (due to its nonexistent THC content) but when it comes to targeted healing and pain relief, Full-spectrum products are better because of the entourage effect. This means better effectiveness at pain relief and healing.